The motet was preserved in the transition from medieval to Renaissance musicbut the character of the composition was entirely changed. While it grew out of the medieval isorhythmic motet, the Renaissance composers of the motet generally abandoned the use of a repeated figure as a cantus firmus.
Choral music has been enriched for centuries by the composition of motets, which were originally settings of liturgical or biblical texts. Responsories liturgical texts originally performed responsively were of major importance until the great monastic institutions lost their influence in the early years of… The motet began in the early 13th century as an application of a new text i.
Specifically, the text was added to the wordless upper-voice parts of descant clausulae. These were short sections of organuma 13th-century and earlier form consisting of a plainchant melody in the tenor, above which were added one, two, or three simultaneous melodies; in descant clausulae, as opposed to other organum, all the voice parts were set in short, repeated rhythmic patterns called rhythmic modes.
In forming motets from descant clausulae, two or even three parts were each given a text. Although the earliest motets were usually in Latin and intended for church use, there later arose bilingual motets French—Latin, English—Latin on secular and sacred texts or combinations of both.
Particularly during the late 13th century, the motet was secular in its added texts, which were often all in French. Tenors were sometimes chosen from French popular songs, rather than from plainchant. Rhythmic patterns became freer and more varied, and the rhythmic modes fell into disuse.
In the 14th century secular motets were largely serious in content e.
Both sacred and secular motets often used the technique of isorhythm: This pattern often overlapped but did not always coincide with the repetition of a melody. By the second half of the 15th century, motets were normally sung in all voice parts. Nearly always all parts now shared the same text.
The musical texture was largely contrapuntal i. Syllables and words were not always sung simultaneously in the different voice parts except in contrasting sections based on chords. The tenor melodies were largely chosen from plainchant, and sacred Latin texts predominated. The use of cantus firmus plainchant declined during the 16th century.
Motets were frequently written for a particular holy day and were sung at mass between the Credo and Sanctus or at Vespers in the divine office.
Such motets were often based on plainchants associated with their texts. The music of the mass might also be founded on the same musical themes, giving the entire service a musical unity not approached in any later church musiceven under J.
The earliest motets arose in the 13th century from the organum tradition exemplified in the Notre Dame school of Léonin and Pérotin. The motet probably arose from clausula sections, Increasingly in the 14th and 15th centuries, motets tended to be panisorhythmic;. Europe in the 14th Century and the Renaissance The 14th century was anything but pleasant for the people living in Europe at the time. There were so many factors and conditions that ultimately helped pave the way for the Renaissance. I will focus on the key influences during this period that contributed to the development of this “rebirth”. In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present. The motet was one of the pre-eminent polyphonic forms of Renaissance pfmlures.coming to Margaret Bent, "a piece of music in several parts with words" is as precise a definition of the motet as will serve from the 13th to the late 16th century and beyond.
Even when a motet was not founded on a plainchant fragment, it was possible for a composer to design a motet and a mass setting on the same themes. Titles of 16th-century masses often indicate either the motet or the plainchant on which they are founded.
Thus, the Missa nos autem gloriari by the Roman composer Francesco Soriano was based on the motet Nos autem gloriari by Giovanni da Palestrina. When a motet was in two movements, or self-contained sections, the second movement usually ended with the last musical phrases and text of the first.
|medieval motet - Music in History||Museo dell'Opera del Duomo in Florence.|
|13th And 14th Century Motets | Essay Example||A History of Classical Music through Recordings: To understand how the motet came about we must look back at a particular aspect of the polyphony developed by Leonin and the Notre Dame school:|
|medieval motet||Originated at the School of Notre-Dame de Paris approx.|
|Find a copy in the library||Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. It is a word that requires a descriptive analysis for each time period.|
|13th And 14th Century Motets Essay Sample||Motets played a leading role as vehicles for compositional innovation and virtuosic display throughout the 14th—16th centuries. In the 17th and 18th centuries, national styles fractured established compositional norms and multiplied the terms used to designate equivalent musical genres.|
After about the term motet came to indicate any composition setting a serious nonliturgical but often sacred text. In the late 16th century, Venetian composers such as Giovanni Gabrieli wrote motets for multiple choirs and contrasting instruments. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the musical style varied from instrumentally accompanied motets for solo voice to the large choral motets of Bach, which may have been sung with instrumental accompaniment.
In Lutheran Germany motets were based on the texts, and often the melodies, of chorales German hymns. In England motets with English texts for use in Anglican services were called anthems see anthem.
They were either for chorus full anthems or for soloist s and chorus verse anthems. Instrumental accompaniment was common in both types. After the end of the Baroque era in the midth century, the motet became a less prominent form.
Motets continued to be written; e. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:13th-century motets The Marriage of Heaven and Hell Motets and Songs from Thirteenth Century France Gothic Voices - Christopher Page Hyperion [CD] .
Unlike the 14th century, the mass was a main form of composition for most composers of the 13th century. The motet is a very tricky term to define and it is hard to . Essay about 13th and 14th Century Motets the motet has taken on several different forms and ideas.
A significant difference in the definition of the motet can be seen between the 13th and 14th centuries. The motet, a free-standing work usually for a vocal ensemble, emerged in the late 12th or early 13th century and evolved over time according to cultural and stylistic norms. Motets played a leading role as vehicles for compositional innovation and virtuosic display throughout the 14th–16th centuries.
A major source for 13th-century motets is the Montpellier Codex, which was compiled around the year and in its organisation illustrates the evolution of the form.
The earliest motets arose in 13th century from organum. Later in the 13th century there were secular motets too, written in the vernacular language.
Motet's history can be divided into three periods. 1 Medieval Motet ( ), 2 Renaissance Motet ( ), 3 Baroque Motet ( ).