Second, that is not going to stop me.
Russia and Germany[ edit ] Only chapters 15 and 16 are devoted to the Eastern Frontand center on the Russian invasion of East Prussia and the German reaction to it, culminating in the Battle of Tannenbergwhere the Russian advance was stopped, decisively. In the chapters, Tuchman covers the series of errors, faulty plans, poor communications, and poor logistics, which, among other things, decidedly helped the French in the west.
For example, the Germans mistakenly transferred, from the west, two corps to defend against what the book refers to as the 'Russian Steam Roller'.
The great misery that developed on the Eastern Front is noted. Flames of Louvain[ edit ] Woven into the text about the battles in Belgium are threads of fact that Allied governments would employ in the formation of the West's eventual opinion that Germany had been the aggressor nation against Belgium.
Such facts and conclusions would be repeated for the duration of the war and greatly affect the future involvement of the United States. Also here in chapter 17 The Flames of Louvain, Tuchman places a selection of German views from a variety of sources as to the aims and desires of Germany.
She cites Thomas Mann as saying the goal was "the establishment of the German idea in history, the enthronement of Kultur, the fulfillment of Germany's historical mission". She then conveys American reporter Irvin S. Cobb 's account of an interview with a 'German scientist': German Kultur will enlighten the world and after this war there will never be another.
Wells to condemn the German "war god" and hope for an end to all armed conflict. Chapter 17's main focus is the German army's atrocities in Belgium, in particular against the historic university city of Louvain.
Tuchman frames her remarks by describing the Schrecklichkeitthe German military's "theory of terror".
Accordingly, in a failed attempt to suppress the "illegal" franc-tireur civilians shooting at German troopshundreds of nearby citizens at several Belgium towns had been executed.
Her accounts of the ferocity of such German army reprisals against the general population and of the willful burning of Louvain such as its university library make it obvious why the Western Allies might feel themselves justified to condemn Germany and Germans wholesale.
War at sea[ edit ] See also: Naval warfare of World War I Chapter 18 describes the British fear that since their island nation was dependent on overseas imports, the German navy could manage to disrupt their international trade. Although Britain's navy was superior in ships and experience, perhaps the German navy's "best opportunity for a successful battle was in the first two or three weeks of the war.
Thus, a substantial control over the world's seaways was then exerted by the British Royal Navy. Surrounding the neutral role of the United States, diplomatic politicking quickly intensified.
On August 6, Washington formally requested the Europeans to agree to follow the Declaration of Londonwhich "favored the neutrals' right to trade as against the belligerents' right to blockade. Britain "said Yes and meant No" and supplemented an Order of Council on August 20 the th anniversary of Britain's burning of Washington.
Despite the equitable intent of international law, Britain sought to receive supplies from America while its naval blockade of Germany denied the supplies to Germany. Woodrow Wilson had already advised Americans on August 18 to be "neutral in fact as well as in name, impartial in thought as well as in action" so that America might become the "impartial mediator" that could then bring "standards of righteousness and humanity" to the belligerents in order to negotiate "a peace without victory" in Europe.
Both wartime paper profits from a nearly fourfold increase in trade with Britain and France and "German folly" eventually would later work to cause American entry into World War I.
Paris defended[ edit ] The book's last four chapters 19—22 describe the fighting in France up to the beginning of the First Battle of the Marne. The French and British forces, united at last, fell on Alexander von Kluck 's exposed right flank in what would be the first successful offensive by the Allies.
In the subsequent attack, the Germans were forced back north, with both sides suffering terrible losses. While Paris had been saved, the war took on a new cast, with both sides settling into a defensive trench systemwhich cut across France and Belgium from the Channel to Switzerland.
That became known as the Western Front, and over the next four years, it would consume a generation of young men. Afterword[ edit ] Tuchman briefly offers reflections on the First Battle of the Marne and on the war in general.
The war's opening "produced deadlock on the Western Front. Sucking up lives at the rate of 5, and sometimes 50, a day, absorbing munitions, energy, money, brains, and trained men," it ate up its contestants. Tuchman believed that both European intellectuals and leaders overestimated the power of free trade.
They believed that the interconnectedness of European nations through trade would stop a continent-wide war from breaking out, as the economic consequences would be too great. However, the assumption was incorrect.
For example, Tuchman noted that Moltke, when warned of such consequences, refused to even consider them in his plans, arguing he was a "soldier," not an "economist. Tuchman recounted the story of a British statesman who, after he warned others that the war might last two or three years, was branded a "pessimist.
Over-reliance on morale and the offensive:Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (/ ˈ t ʌ k m ən /; January 30, – February 6, ) was an American historian and author. She won the Pulitzer Prize twice, for The Guns of August (), a best-selling history of the prelude to and the first month of World War I, and Stilwell and the American Experience in China (), a biography of General Spouse: Lester R.
Tuchman (b. , d. ). Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Barbara W. Tuchman, author of the World War I masterpiece The Guns of August, grapples with her boldest subject: the pervasive presence, through the ages, of failure, mismanagement, and delusion in government.
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The Guns of August: The Outbreak of World War I [Barbara W. Tuchman] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Guns of August by Barbara W. Tuchman. - The drama of August, n, a month of battle in which war was waged on a scale unsurpassed.
The Guns of August study guide contains a biography of Barbara Tuchman, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About The Guns of August The Guns of August Summary. Military History. Setting and Context. Europe, and the events leading up to the war. Barbara Tuchman Biography; These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman.