It is defined as the social sciences required in developing a knowledge base to provide a systematic appraisal, in advance of the impacts, on the day-to-day quality of life of persons and communities whose environment is affected by a proposed project, plan or policy change. Social impacts also known as effects and consequences refer to changes to individuals and communities due to a proposed action that alters the day-to-day way in which people live, work, play, relate to one another, organise to meet their needs and generally cope as members of society. A Social Impact Assessment SIA therefore is a method of analysing what impact a proposed project or plan may have on the social aspects of the environment. These aspects include but are not limited to:
Abstract As a profession with a long-standing declared focus on person-in-environment, social work might be expected to play a leadership role in interdisciplinary efforts to tackle environmental threats to human well-being and continued existence, yet the profession has generally been silent or less than relevant.
This paper explores past and present neglect of the natural environment within mainstream social work. Alternative understandings of the environment from specializations within the profession and related disciplines are considered.
The paper concludes with directions toward new models of practice incorporating a view of people as place that may help us towards a broader mission of learning to live well in place.
Introduction Human beings may be entering very difficult times with the degradation and potential destruction of our sustaining natural world.
Collectively, we may be facing a fundamental shift in values and approaches towards living on and with this planet. Governments are beginning to respond.
There are suggestions that society could be in the initial stages of constructing an environmental state much as we created the welfare state in the last century Meadowcroft, What relevance does social work have as humankind faces these serious challenges?
As a profession with a long-standing declared focus on person-in-environment, social work might be expected to play a leadership role in the planning stages of any new environmental state.
Yet we have generally been silent on these serious threats to human well-being and continued existence. How has the physical environment been perceived and conceptualized at the core and at the margins of the discipline of social work?
To what extent have our foundational assessment and intervention strategies incorporated the physical environment?
In what ways might our language, our assumptions, and our conventional knowledge-building approaches be limiting our ability to perceive connections between people and the world we inhabit? This paper attempts to address these important questions, and concludes that it is time or past time for social work to move beyond our conventional metaphor of person-in-environment towards a new paradigm, a new understanding of the relationship between people and the physical environment.
Morito clarified an important distinction between thinking about ecology and thinking ecologically. Ecological issues cannot be relegated to one separate discipline assigned exclusive responsibility for the physical environment.
Ecological thinking is a process, a worldview, a set of principles, an awareness that must affect all approaches to enquiry and practice if we are to survive. From the outset, the profession of social work was more comfortable using social science lenses to view the environment rather than perspectives from the physical or natural sciences.
What happened later when the profession adopted an ecological perspective from the natural sciences? Developing this ecological perspective into a functional systems approach for social work, Pincus and Minahan proposed four basic systems for practice, all of which were social the change agent system; the client system; the target system; and the action system.
Considerations of the physical environment were beyond the scope of this approach.We refer to these factors collectively as the “social determinants of health.” This report (first in a series) focuses particularly on the “social environment,” defined as the combination of social and cultural institutions, norms, patterns, beliefs, and processes that influence the life of an individu-.
A person's social environment, including the social relationships they make within it, can have a profound impact on their quality of parenting, which in turn affects a child's health development and future achievements.
May 28, · The direct significant effects found between social support and two of the health and satisfaction variables (physical health (H8) and life satisfaction (H11)) indicate that the mediation of the effect of social support on health and life . Although participants described residents 'needs in relation to both the physical and social environments, the latter was perceived to have more impact on quality of life andfunctional ability.
This article focuses on five areas of need, identified by participants, in relation to the social environment: stimulation and meaningful activity.
The person-in-environment perspective in social work is a practice-guiding principle that highlights the importance of understanding an individual and individual behavior in light of the environmental contexts in which that person lives and acts.
To examine the effect of cultural, social, and community environments on home care, I begin with a brief treatment of the social-ecological model as it applies to these home care environments. I focus particularly on culture as it may be relevant to home care, the least studied of these elements.