Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art.
This era in Western Europe is referred to as the early modern European period and includes the Protestant Reformationthe European wars of religionthe Age of Discovery and the beginning of European colonialismthe rise of strong centralized governments, the beginnings of recognizable nation-states that are the direct antecedents of today's states, the Age of Enlightenmentand from the associated scientific advances the first phase of the Industrial Revolution.
The emergence of cultural and political dominance of the Western world during this period is known as the Great Divergence. At the end of the early modern period, the British and Russian empires had emerged as world powers from the multipolar contest of colonial empireswhile the three great Asian empires of the early modern period, Ottoman TurkeyMughal India and Qing Chinaall entered a period of stagnation or decline.
Renaissance and "early modern"[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message The expression "early modern" is at times incorrectly used as a substitute for the term Renaissance.
However, "Renaissance" is properly used in relation to a diverse series of cultural developments that occurred over several hundred years in many different parts of Europe — especially central and northern Italy — and it spans the transition from late medieval civilization to the opening of the early modern period.
In the visual arts and architecture, the term 'early modern' is not a common designation as the Renaissance period is clearly distinct from what came later.
Only in the study of literature is the early modern period a standard designation. European music of the period is generally divided between Renaissance and Baroque. Similarly, philosophy is divided between Renaissance philosophy and the Enlightenment.
Overview. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that profoundly affected European intellectual life in the early modern pfmlures.coming in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. The 1st result of this discovery was the TERENCE STAGE - (late 15th/early 16th c.) a continuous facade (wall) divided into a series of curtained openings, each representing the house of a different character (similar in concept to medieval mansions). The facade was at the back of a platform - acting space. 15th century Hanging Houses in Cuenca, Spain from the Early Renaissance, and the Early modern period. Claude de Lorraine was the first Duke of Guise, from to his death. Claude distinguished himself at the battle of Marignano (), and was long in recovering from the twenty-two wounds he received in the battle.
In other fields, there is far more continuity through the period such as warfare and science. Gunpowder and Firearms[ edit ] When gunpowder was introduced to Europe, it was immediately used almost exclusively in weapons and explosives for warfare.
Though it was invented in China, gunpowder arrived in Europe already formulated for military use and European countries took advantage of it and were the first to create the classic firearms. Despite its name, for much of its history the Empire did not include Rome within its borders.
The Renaissance  was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe.
The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historic erabut since the changes of the Renaissance were not uniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a rebellion of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform.
Notable individuals[ edit ] Gutenberg reviewing a press proof a colored engraving created probably in the 19th century Johannes Gutenberg is credited as the first European to use movable type printingaroundand as the global inventor of the mechanical printing press.
Nicolaus Copernicus formulated a comprehensive heliocentric cosmologywhich displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. Another notable individual was Machiavellian Italian political philosopher, considered a founder of modern political science.
Machiavelli is most famous for a short political treatise, The Princea work of realist political theory. Among the notable royalty of the time, Charles the Boldknown as Charles the Bold or Rash to his enemies,  he was the last Valois Duke of Burgundyand his early death was a pivotal, if under-recognized, moment in European history.
Charles has often been regarded as the last representative of the feudal spirit — a man who possessed no other quality than a blind bravery. Upon his death, Charles left an unmarried nineteen-year-old daughter, Mary of Burgundyas his heir.
Her marriage would have enormous implications for the political balance of Europe.
Inthe territory of the Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by France. In the same year, Mary married Maximilian, Archduke of Austriagiving the Habsburgs control of the remainder of the Burgundian Inheritance.
Claude de Lorraine was the first Duke of Guisefrom to his death. Claude distinguished himself at the battle of Marignanoand was long in recovering from the twenty-two wounds he received in the battle.
Inhe fought at Fuenterrabiaand Louise of Savoy ascribed the capture of the place to his efforts. In he destroyed the Anabaptist peasant armywhich was overrunning Lorraineat Lupsteinnear Saverne Zabern.
On the return of Francis I from captivity inClaude was made Duke of Guise in the peerage of Francethough up to this time only princes of the royal house had held the title of duke and peer of France.Nov 23, · The emergence of modern Europe, – Economy and society.
The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion.
This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age. 16th Century Renaissance Art The 16th Century renaissance started in the ’s and ended in the ’s.
The art of the 16th Century Renaissance was both spiritual and worldly. The 16th Century Renaissance is when two very important art movements took place, High Renaissance and Mannerism. Modern Times began with the Renaissance, one of the rare periods of genius in the world’s history.
Beginning in the 14th century and reaching its height in the 15th, Video four is about the High Renaissance which started in the late 15th and the early 16th century in Italy. 15th Century - Fifteenth Century Essays examine how the 15th Century marked the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Modern Era.
16th Century - 16th Century research papers look into the height of the Renaissance, and the birth to the Age of Discovery, Protestant Reformation, and . The beginning of the Renaissance in the mid-fourteenth century was marked by a turn from medieval life and values dominated by the . Sep 20, · The term was first used by 15th-century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
The period is often considered to have its own internal divisions: either early and late or early.