Utm online thesis

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Utm online thesis

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Learning to live with your disability Learning to maximize your strengths and minimize your weaknesses Student self-awareness Explaining students' disabilities to them using machine-based metaphors Helping students value their diverse brains using growth mindset, neuroplasticity, and "brain forest" metaphors Along with the typical deficit-focused diagnostic assessments, a neurodiversity-trained special educator must be familiar with a wide range of strength-based approaches to discovering abilities in their students.

He or she might tap informal assessment methods to gain additional information about student strengths, including rough-and-ready inventories such as my item Neurodiversity Strengths Checklist Armstrong,"strengths chats," Epstein,and motivational interviewing Sheldon, A neurodiversity-oriented approach would focus more attention on using the information gained from such assessments to help build on learners' strengths and to help students use their assets to tackle their social, emotional, cognitive, and academic challenges.

Whereas traditional special educators often seek to teach students how to "live with their disability," both the theory and practice of a neurodiversity-based approach would emphasize helping students learn to maximize their strengths and minimize their weaknesses.

The Role of Workarounds A key strategic component of this new approach is what I call workarounds, ways in which students can manage assignments and other academic and nonacademic challenges without letting their disabilities get in the way.

For example, special educators could guide students who have trouble getting their ideas down on the page because of handwriting difficulties, dysorthographia, or dysgraphia to use speech-to-text software like Dragon NaturallySpeaking or Windows Speech Recognition.

Similarly, wheelchair users can use virtual reality applications such as Google Cardboard and Oculus Rift to gain access to experiences that might otherwise be closed to them like exploring the inside of a cave or examining underwater coral sea life. Students diagnosed with ADHD who have difficulty concentrating on their work but do better when they can move around and fidget would be able to use ergonomic "wiggle furniture," such as stability balls, bouncy bands, or standing desks.

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These strategies and tools are already employed in some special education programs, but their use in this new neurodiversity-based approach to special education would be expanded and seen as fundamental to most students' Individualized Education Plans. How We Talk to Kids: Machines or "Brain Forests"?

Similarly, rather than "teaching students about their disorders," a neurodiversity-based approach would teach them about the value of human variation and neurological diversity.

Educators would teach students about how the human brain—and their brain—works, how the environment shapes brain structure and function neuroplasticityhow brain power can be used to its maximum, and how a growth mindset improves performance. Students would be given tools and tips to help them actualize their brain's fullest potential.

An emerging theory about the brain that's particularly appropriate in helping students understand their neurological differences is Nobel Prize-winning biologist Gerald Edelman's model of the brain as an ecosystem I like to use the term brain forest as a metaphor students will understand and appreciate more readily than many of the machine-based metaphors used in conventional special education materials.

For example, in Galvin,the ADHD student's brain is compared to the engine of a car that runs too fast. The problem with using "machine" metaphors to talk about the brain is that it's easy to fall into a dichotomy of "it's either working or it's broken.

Perhaps the most important outcome would be a change in the expectations of those involved in the special education system—most important, the expectations of students themselves, but also those of teachers, administrators, support personnel, and family members. Similarly, students are less likely to be bullied in school if they're perceived in a more positive way by their peers Swearer, et al.

In addition, the seamless inclusion of neurodiverse students into regular classrooms is more likely to succeed if regular classroom teachers see students entering their classes as assets rather than burdens.

I also believe that a system that regards students with special needs primarily in terms of their assets and contributions is more in tune with 21st-century views of respecting diversity and giving all students a chance to contribute something of value to society.

Such a system aligns more closely with society's emphasis on equity and with not singling some students out on the basis of their weaknesses, but rather giving them the same opportunities to succeed as anyone else.

Potential Roadblocks Formidable challenges stand in the way of implementing this forward-looking approach to special education. Perhaps the most fundamental obstacle is the fear by many special educators and parents that portraying a student with special needs primarily in a positive light rather than in terms of that student's "disability" would threaten the very foundations of special education itself.

Utm online thesis

Special educators—and parents—have fought with great energy and courage over the past several decades to ensure that the needs of their kids are recognized and served. The focus on disability has functioned as a rallying cry for many advocacy organizations.Theses Room UTM Theses / Project Papers Collection is located at level 3, Perpustakaan Raja Zarith Sofiah.

Users are advised to search for the information of the theses / project papers in UTM library Online Catalogue before entering the room. Interested in Furthering Your Postgraduate Education in UTM?

How Neurodiversity Differs from Current Special Ed Approaches

Find Out How You Can. Over the past several years, rumors and theories have circulated about why Andy’s dad wasn’t around during any of the Toy Story films.

The general consensus has been that either Andy’s. What is a Design Competition, or better What is the A' Design Competition, this site explains the A' Design Award & Competition in great detail. ProWritingAid is the best free writing app out there. It includes a fantastic grammar checker but also goes way beyond grammar checking to help you improve the style and clarity of your writing.

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Utm online thesis

People want to use SharePoint to store, surface and sophisticatedly manage documents (then you get all the work flow, taxonomic, search, content type goodness of SP) – yammer allows document upload, and that is very problematic and not just because of data.

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